The majority of Muslims today believe that Islam is in complete harmony with modern science and that the relationship between Islam and science is very strong. This belief is based on many claimed observations. There are many references in the Quran and the Sunnah that encourage the act of seeking knowledge and that appreciate and glorify science and scientists. Also, many Muslims are convinced that modern science was first developed in the Muslim world by Muslim scientists under the Islamic civilization. Moreover, there is a strong focus in the Muslim world nowadays to claim a divine inspiration for Islam by showing that it is a dispenser of scientific truth. This is done by interpreting particular verses of the Quran (and sometimes particular elements from the Sunnah) and claim to show that these verses make prescient statements about the nature of the universe and many other phenomena recently confirmed or discovered through scientific research. This field is widely known as the scientific miracles in the Quran (or Sunnah) and is widely presented by many Islamic scholars as a proof of the divine nature of the revealed Quran and therefore the divine nature of Islam itself. On the other hand, the term "religion scientists" is widely used in the Muslim world, from the layman to the highly educated individual, to refer to the Muslim priests who are specialized in issuing Fatwas or to the Muslim scholars who are involved in "Islamic studies"; which is an umbrella term for traditional Islamic academic research, such as Islamic theology, Islamic history, Islamic economics and Islamic jurisprudence.
However, this claimed association between Islam and modern science raises the following questions:
- Are the above claimed observations correct?
- Are they sufficient to claim a strong association between Islam and modern science?
- Do they reflect the reality of the scientific understanding in the Muslim world today?
The answers to these questions will be demonstrated in the following posts. So stay tuned!